World Heritage

Ancient Thebes and its Necropolis
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Ancient Thebes and its Necropolis

The ancient city of Thebes, modern Luxor in the south of Egypt, was one of the most important cities from the Middle Kingdom (c.2055–1650 BC) onwards. The vast majority of the ancient Egyptian monuments that can still be visited there today were built during the New Kingdom (c.1550–1069 BC), Egypt’s age of empire. Ancient Thebes and its necropolis, or burial areas, were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1979. The monuments that may be seen here are the Karnak temple complex and Luxor Temple on the east bank of the Nile, and those on the west bank include the temple of Ramesses III in Medinet Habu; the Ramesseum of Ramesses II; Amenhotep III’s Colossi of Memnon; the temple of Hatshepsut in Deir al-Bahari; the tombs in the Valley of the Kings, where Tutankhamun was buried; the tombs in the Valley of the Queens; and the town and tombs of the workmen of the royal tombs in Deir al-Medina.

The Sphinx Avenue

Sphinx Avenue is one of the most significant archaeological parts of the ancient city of Thebes (Luxor), the Avenue is around 2,700 meters long, that connects Karnak Temples in the north with Luxor Temple in the south.

The Sphinx Avenue was built by ancient Egyptian kings between the Eighteenth Dynasty and Thirtieth Dynasty as a processional way for sacred ceremonies and festivals.

Along the Avenue, unparalleled Sphinxes line up along the ancient road from Karnak Temples to Luxor Temple.

Excavations started in the Sphinx Avenue Since 1949 and continued for around 70 years by Egyptian Archaeologists who made a glory discovering more sphinxes and parts of the road.

The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities started in 2017 a project to restore the Sphinx Avenue and connect Karnak Temples and Luxor Temple. The project came as a revival of the ancient road that retain its glory two thousand years ago. The Sphinx Avenue is now another spectacular monument of the city of hundred gates.. Luxor

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