This statue is of a man named Hetepdief, who seems to have played the role of funerary priest to the first three kings of Dynasty 2–Hetepsekhemuy, Raneb and Nynetjer–whose names are engraved on the back of his right shoulder. Each royal name is carved in what is known as a serekh facade (i.e. palace facade) in which the Horus name of the king (one of the five names of the king) was written. Hetepdief is represented kneeling with his hands resting on his thighs, which is an innovative position, the reason behind which may have been his priestly role. The carving style of the statue, (i.e. simple forms, compact, bulky body and disproportionately large head) on the other hand, is typical of this time in ancient Egyptian history.
End of the Second-Start of the Third Dynasty (2nd half of the 27th Century BC)
Medium: Red Granite