This statue depicts King Khafre (Khefren to the Greeks), the builder of the second largest pyramid at Giza. It was found in the valley temple of his pyramid complex. The king is majestically seated on a throne with all the confidence of a man who built a mountain. The two sides of his throne are decorated with the sema-tawy, symbol of the unity of Upper and Lower Egypt, signifying his rule over the two halves of the country. Perched on the back of the throne, behind the king's head, the god Horus in the form of a falcon spreads his wings around the king's head in a gesture of protection.
Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, reign of Khafre (c.2558–2532 BC)