Situated just beneath the Citadel, Salah al‑Din Square (or Maydan al‑Qal’a “Citadel Square”) is considered one of the most important historical squares in Cairo. It was given several names throughout its history, such as the Black Square and al‑Remela Square.
It was subject to several phases of destruction by Mamluks and subsequent sultans. It was Muhammad ibn Qalawun who renovated the complex since it served as a polo court for him and his princes on Tuesdays and Saturdays. During his reign, Salah al‑Din Square was the venue for the prayers of the two most important Islamic festivals, Eid al‑Fitr and Eid al‑Adha. Ibn Qalawun also used the square as a reception area for ambassadors and foreign envoys, as well as a hall for celebrations and military parades.
The square overlooks Bab al‑‘Azb on the east, and al‑Rifa’i Mosque and the Mosque and Madrasa of al-Sultan Hasan on the west. Several streets branch out from the Salah al‑Din Square, including al‑Imam Shafi’i and al‑Qadam, which leads to the mosque and shrine of al‑Sayyida Nafisa (d. 824 AD).