On the obverse of the dinar is the name of the Mamluk Sultan Baybars and his title "Qasim is the Commander of the Faithful." Below it an illustration of a lion, representing the ruler. On the reverse is written "in the name of God, there is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." Initially, Muslims used coins minted by the Sassanids and Byzantines. The Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan coined the first dinar bearing Arabic writing in the year 77. The currency hence prevalent in Muslim empires were dinars, dirhams, and copper coins.
Mamluk (7 AH / 13A)
Provenance: Egypt or the Levant.